Abstract

This work considered the aqueous speciation of B between a soil solution containing B and the tetrahedral surface B species (SH3BOH4 during drying of the soil. The aqueous B species were boric acid (H3BO3) and the borate anion B

\(\left(OH\right)\)
4. A computer program was written to calculate solution speciation of major ions using a matrix-type numerical solution including cation exchange and dissolution–precipitation of calcite. The B speciation was calculated separately but utilized the H+ concentration as determined in the major ion speciation. Numerical simulations of soil drying were performed for 20 hypothetical soil textures with clay contents ranging from 10 to 60% and three solution compositions representing saline, saline-sodic, and sodic soils. The effective Kd (SH3BOH4/total solution B) decreased with gravimetric water content (θg) for the range θg = 1.5 to 0.05. A decrease in H+ concentration caused decreasing Kd consistent with earlier experimental work showing decreasing fractional adsorbed B with decreasing pH in the range 7 to 9. Kd varied from 2.5 to 4.7 at θg = 1.5 because of variation of the equilibrium constants in the constant capacitance model (K and K+) with varying soil texture. Kd increased with increasing sodicity of the soil water. An application of this program would be prediction of adsorbed and solution B concentrations at field water content on the basis of experimental determinations of adsorbed and solution B concentration for saturated paste extracts. Such predictions would be useful to generate initial conditions for solute transport modeling and for determining whether solution B concentrations at field water contents would be beneficial or harmful to plants.

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