Submarine landslides are a mixture of rock, sediment, and fluids moving downslope due to a slope's initial event of mechanical failure. Submarine landslides play a critical role in shaping the morphology of the seafloor and the transport of sediments from the continental shelf to the continental rise in the southern margin of the Colombian Caribbean. Two fundamental considerations can be highlighted: first, mass transport complexes produced by submarine landslides encompass significant portions of the stratigraphic record; second, these mass movements could affect underwater infrastructure. The mapping of the Southern Caribbean seafloor using 3D seismic surveys and multibeam bathymetry data in an area encompassing 59,471 km2 allowed the identification of 220 submarine landslides with areas ranging between 0.1 and 209 km2. Distinctive characteristics were found for submarine landslides associated with canyon walls, channel-levee systems, tectonically controlled ridges, and the continental shelf break. The analysis of the relationship between submarine landslides and seafloor morphological features made it possible to estimate a mass movement susceptibility map that suggests the following considerations: first, structural ridges and adjacent intraslope subbasins related to the South Caribbean Deformed Belt are more likely to be submarine landslide hazards; second, the continental shelf break and channelized systems produce a moderate submarine landslide hazard potential; and third, deep marine systems with a slope less than 5° show the lowest submarine landslide hazard potential. This work contributes to the understanding of submarine landslides in the study area through the presentation of conceptual diagrams that provide additional visual elements facilitating the level of abstraction necessary for visualizing bathymetric data. Likewise, the mass movement susceptibility map presented herein gives insights for future studies that seek to evaluate geohazards in the southern Colombian Caribbean margin.