In simple terms, rock physics provides the much-needed link between measurable elastic properties of rocks and their intrinsic properties. This enables us to connect seismic data, well logs, and laboratory measurements to minerology, porosity, permeability, fluid saturations, and stress. Rock-physics relationships/models are used to understand seismic signatures in terms of reservoir properties that help in exploration risk mitigation. Traditionally, rock physics has played an irreplaceable role in amplitude variation with offset (AVO) modeling and inversion, 3D/4D close-the-loop studies, and seismic time-lapse analysis and interpretation. Today, rock-physics research and application have influenced a much wider space that spans digital rock physics, microseismic, and distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) data analysis. In this special section, we have included papers that cover much of these advanced methods, providing us with a better understanding of subsurface elastic and transport properties, thereby reducing bias and uncertainties in quantitative interpretation.