Abstract

Full-waveform inversion (FWI) is a high-resolution model-building technique that uses the entire recorded seismic data content to build the earth model. Conventional FWI usually utilizes diving and refracted waves to update the low-wavenumber components of the velocity model. However, updates are often depth limited due to the limited offset range of the acquisition design. To extend conventional FWI beyond the limits imposed by using only transmitted energy, we must utilize the full acquired wavefield. Analyzing FWI kernels for a given geology and acquisition geometry can provide information on how to optimize the acquisition so that FWI is able to update the velocity model for targets as deep as basement level. Recent long-offset ocean-bottom node acquisition helped FWI succeed, but we would also like to be able to utilize the shorter-offset data from wide-azimuth data acquisitions to improve imaging of these data sets by developing the velocity field with FWI. FWI models are heading toward higher and higher wavenumbers, which allows us to extract pseudoreflectivity directly from the developed velocity model built with the acoustic full wavefield. This is an extremely early start to obtaining a depth image that one would usually produce in much later processing stages.

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