Abstract

A method for generalizing the conventional amplitude variation with offset model from an isolated interface to a scattering reservoir interval is presented. The advantage of this new method is that it can provide enhanced detection of subtle reservoir and pore fluid properties. First- and second-order expressions for the reflected compressional wave energy from a specified heterogenous interval are given. These expressions are applied to two problems of interest for reservoir description. One application is discriminating low versus higher saturations of hydrocarbons, and the other is detecting the extent of vertical stratification within a reservoir. The first-order expression is used for determining hydrocarbon saturations, and the second-order expression is used for detecting the magnitude of fine-scale layering within a reservoir. Synthetic models and field data examples are used in demonstrating the applicability of the proposed method.

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