Abstract

The Argentina Austral Malvinas survey comprises 13,784 km of 2D data extending from the shelf to the border with the Falkland Islands. The survey was acquired using a 12,000 m streamer and continuous recording technology and was processed through a comprehensive broadband prestack depth migration workflow focused on producing a high-resolution, high-fidelity data set. Source- and receiver-side deghosting to maximize the bandwidth of the data was an essential ingredient in the preprocessing. Following the broadband processing sequence, a depth-imaging workflow was implemented, with the initial model built using a time tomography approach. Several passes of anisotropic reflection tomography provided a significant improvement in the velocity model prior to full-waveform inversion (FWI). Using long offsets, FWI made use of additional information contained in the recorded wavefield, including the refracted and diving wave energy. FWI resolved more detailed velocity variations both in the shallow and deeper section and culminated in an improved seismic image.

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