Abstract

We propose to utilize the corner frequency and seismic scalar moment relation as a new approach to monitor temporal changes of static stress drop as well as rupture velocity during development of a hydraulic fracture system. We introduce a single parameter M1 to describe a two-parameter relation (scalar moment and corner frequency relation) and analyze temporal variation of this two-parameter relation. Because M1 relates rupture velocity and static stress drop, we can infer temporal variation of rupture velocity and stress drop quantitatively. The parameter M1 is calculated in two case studies. We document that two types of fracturing processes exist: (1) stable rupture velocity and static stress drop during the development of rupture and (2) increase of rupture velocity and/or static stress drop while the fracture system develops. In the latter case, one possible scenario is increase of permeability at each fracture plane during development of the fracture system.

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