Abstract

Structural information in subsurface seismic images is critical for reservoir delineation, reserve estimation, and well planning. However, by its very nature, it is also uncertain. One cause of the image uncertainty is the migration velocity model that directly affects the position of migrated events, both laterally and vertically. (The term “velocity” is meant in the broad sense; i.e., it also includes the anisotropy parameters.) We present a method that accounts for uncertainties in a velocity model estimated by tomography and translates them into the migrated domain. Standard-deviation attributes on target horizon positions or layer thicknesses are extracted. The method includes quality controls for validating the estimated uncertainty attributes before integration with other downstream or interpretative information. The method is demonstrated on a North Sea area covered by data from multiple seismic surveys. We observe that uncertainties increase with model complexity or depth and decrease as the illumination diversity increases. The computed uncertainty maps constitute a valuable source of information for hierarchizing (both qualitatively and quantitatively) different areas in the survey. For the purpose of reservoir risk analysis, we combine our technique with other information (e.g., interpretation uncertainties) to map how uncertainties in the depth of the structural spill point impact the gross rock volume (GRV) estimation of a reservoir.

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