Distributed temperature sensing (DTS) systems provide near real-time data collection that captures borehole spatiotemporal temperature dynamics. Temperature data were collected in an observation well at an active geothermal site for a period of eight days under geothermal production conditions. Collected temperature data showcase the ability of DTS systems to detect changes to the location of the steam-water interface, visualize borehole temperature recovery — following injection of a cold-water “slug” — and identify anomalously warm and/or cool zones. The high sampling rate and spatial resolution of DTS data also shows borehole temperature dynamics that are not captured by traditional pressure-temperature survey tools. Inversion of thermal recovery data using a finite-difference heat-transfer model produces a thermal-diffusivity profile that is consistent with laboratory-measured values and correlates with identified lithologic changes within the borehole. Used alone or in conjunction with complementary data sets, DTS systems are useful tools for developing a better understanding of both reservoir rock thermal properties as well as within and near borehole fluid movement.