Mangala field is in the northern part of the onshore Barmer Basin in India. The primary reservoir in the field is the Fatehgarh Formation, deposited in the rifting phase that created the Barmer Basin during the Late Cretaceous to early Paleocene period. The majority of reservoir oil is contained within the upper FM1 member of the Fatehgarh Formation, composed of single-story and multistory stacked, meandering-channel sands. These sands vary in thickness from 3 to 7 m, with net to gross ranging from 18% to 78%. For such a heterogeneous fluvial system, correlation of floodplain shales and fluvial sands poses a major challenge for reservoir characterization when based on well data alone. Conventional 3D seismic data do not resolve the thin FM1 sands. For more accurate reservoir modeling, various techniques, which included sparse-spike inversion and spectral decomposition, were attempted with limited success. Sparse-layer reflectivity inversion performed on 3D stack PSTM seismic data, however, resulted in improved detectability and resolution and has provided a greater understanding of the lateral continuity of these thin fluvial reservoir units. The 7- to 50-Hz bandwidth of the input seismic data increased to 7 to 100 Hz by the inversion process. The improved imaging of channel geometries has enabled geobody mapping and their input into a revised geologic model.

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