Abstract

In a case study from the Tommeliten Alpha area of the Norwegian North Sea, imaging problems were caused by the presence of gas in the overburden. In particular, a large part of the reservoir is in a seismically obscured area (SOA) caused by the gas. Full-waveform inversion (FWI) and reverse time migration (RTM) dramatically improve the imaging from ocean-bottom cable (OBC) acquisition over the region. The FWI algorithm is pushed to 22 Hz to generate an extremely high-resolution velocity model, and RTM then becomes required to honor the complexity in the resultant velocity model. Consequently, migration is done with the FWI model to generate a high-frequency RTM image to 80 Hz. This image is approximately double the maximum frequency commonly used for RTM in the North Sea and matches that of equivalent Kirchhoff products, but with all the benefits in imaging that RTM brings, providing a subsequent impact on interpretation of the area.

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