Abstract

The Mackenzie Delta in Canada's Northwest Territories hosts many permafrost-related gas-hydrate accumulations that were indirectly discovered or inferred from conventional hydrocarbon exploration programs. In particular, gas-hydrate intervals characterized with high saturation show high resistivity and high P- and S-wave velocity on well-log data, and are typically found in sand-rich horizons. The acoustic impedance contrast between nonhydrate and hydrate-bearing sediments usually produces strong amplitude reflections on seismic data. Such a signature was previously observed onshore at Mallik, Northwestern Territories (Collett et al., 1999), and on the North Slope of Alaska (Collett et al., 2011). Here, we use 2D and 3D seismic reflection data acquired by industry on Richards Island to map and characterize gas-hydrate accumulations beneath a thick permafrost area of the Mackenzie Delta (Figure 1). Specifically, we show new seismic evidences of gas-hydrate accumulations above the Ya Ya and Umiak conventional gas fields.

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