In 1977, we saw the publication of AAPG Memoir 26, Seismic Stratigraphy—Applications to Hydrocarbon Exploration. In this book, Peter Vail and his colleagues, in a series of papers, introduced the industry to the concepts of seismic sequences, the construction of chronostratigraphic charts, and how the seismic data could be used to estimate the global rise and fall of sea level. In this work, they also showed how the shape of the reflections and their lapping relationships could be used to predict depositional environment, which could be used to predict sediment type and facies.

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