Progression of an immature block cave in proximity to a mature sublevel cave was monitored over an 18-month period using double-difference tomography. This method utilizes existing microseismic data to generate time-lapse images of seismic wave velocity changes within the rock mass. The velocity changes are caused by damage zones forming or local high-stress concentrations. In this study, images were generated on monthly intervals. An average of 2000 microseismic events recorded by 25 stations were used to generate each image. Results showed a development of the initial undercut followed by the growing cave and interaction with the adjacent sublevel cave. The goal of the research is to provide a tool that can augment both numerical modeling results and underground geotechnical measurements to allow the mine operator to produce in the safest and most efficient manner possible.

You do not currently have access to this article.