Unconventional resources such as shale gas are becoming increasingly important exploration and production targets. To understand the geophysical responses of shale-gas plays, we use a rock physics relationship, which is constrained with geology and formation-evaluation analysis, to calculate effective properties such as impedance and VP/VS. Numerical studies suggest that in-situ rock para-meters such as mineral composition (e.g., clay, quartz, and calcite) and TOC, as well as the interaction among them, can significantly influence the geophysical responses of the organic-rich rocks, thus providing the basis for the geophysical characterization of shale-gas plays.

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