Borehole geophysics is essential for exploration, assessment, and production of Earth's resources, in addition to carrying out fundamental studies on the Earth itself. Borehole-based technology encompasses activities ranging from coring to measurements such as logging, VSP, crosswell profiling, and passive seismic monitoring. Each of these disciplines has grown into an established branch of borehole geophysics. The idea behind all these measurements has been to obtain useful information about the geological environment that helps evaluate subsurface zones of interest.

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