Reservoir modeling is recognized as the construction of a 3D numerical representation of the hydrocarbon reservoir, in depth, comprising the reservoir structure (e.g., as delimited by stratigraphic horizons and faults); internal architecture (e.g., depositional facies); petrophysical properties (e.g., porosity, permeability); and fluid distribution (e.g., water saturation). Some of the purposes of a reservoir model include quantification of hydrocarbon volumes, input to flow simulation for quantification of recoverable hydrocarbons, and well positioning.

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