Multicomponent seismic reflection methods are a new tool for oil and gas exploration and reservoir monitoring (Miles 1988), but such technologies have not yet been extensively exploited for near-surface exploration related to hydrogeological and/or geotechnical investigations. With the advantage of relatively inexpensive recording systems for near-surface applications, we show that the use of multicomponent high-resolution seismic reflection methods has great potential as a new means of observing and characterizing the physical parameters of the shallow subsurface, and in particular of groundwater reservoirs.

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