Surface nuclear magnetic resonance (surface NMR) is the only geophysical exploration method that nondestructively provides direct information on subsurface aquifer properties (i.e., geometry, water content, hydraulic conductivity, and, partially, resistivity). The method combines the information accessible via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements with a nondestructive surface acquisition approach to derive subsurface water information. These characteristics have made surface NMR a useful tool for hydrogeophysics during the last decade.

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