The Himalayan thrust fold belt, which extends more than 2500 km along the northern boundary of India, is the product of a collision between the Indian and Asian plates. This orogeny is important for hydrocarbon exploration due to its vast geographical expanse (Figure 1) and because significant reserves are found in similar settings around the world. Lithological and tectonic continuity with the petroliferous province of Potwar in adjacent Pakistan further brightens the prospectivity of the area.

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