Abstract

Clastic sediments, particularly shale, exhibit transverse isotropic properties with the symmetric axis perpendicular to bedding (VTI). These anisotropic rock properties are important in seismic imaging, prestack seismic analysis, and reservoir characterization. Laboratory tests are the main techniques used in measuring rock anisotropic properties. Vertical seismic profiling (VSP) and seismic refraction are the in-situ techniques used to determine anisotropic parameters. All of these methods provide significant insight to the anisotropic properties of the subsurface. However, limitations exist in the applications of these methods because of cost issues and restrictions on the number of measurements that can be conducted. Therefore, new techniques that are cost effective, easy to use, and able to measure continuous anisotropic profiles are desirable. This paper describes a methodology which involves the use of conventional rock properties to derive anisotropic rock properties.

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