In the high-porosity, poorly consolidated turbidites of the deepwater Gulf of Mexico, production-induced compaction is the main production-drive mechanism when aquifer support is weak and prior to pressure support by secondary recovery water injection. Time-lapse (4D) seismic monitoring of this class of reservoirs has provided several new learning opportunities. The time-lapse amplitude response of these fields can be complicated due to saturation changes (water replacing oil) inside the reservoir, rock compaction causing density and velocity changes inside the reservoir, stress relief and associated deformation of the rock outside the reservoir, and changes in reservoir fluid pressures due to pore-pressure decrease. Methods that rely on time-lapse amplitude changes with offset to discriminate pressure and saturation changes can help separate and thus simplify the interpretation of some of these effects (Tura and Lumley, 1999; Landro, 2001).

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