The global increase in demand for water, the dominant agent in all biological processes, calls for sustainable management of water catchments and better understanding of water and solute movement. At Kiel, we have started joint studies with eight European partners in such disciplines as botany, agronomy, and hydrology (projects “WATERUSE” and “GeoModel”) to develop integrated techniques to quantify water flow through the soil-plant-atmosphere-continuum that will be adequate for use in heterogeneous stands in dry regions. To develop novel integrated hydro-/biogeophysical 3D techniques with high resolution, we erected a unique, full-scale tank analog (3 m × 5 m × 2 m...

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