Ideally, a seismic data cube should contain amplitudes that are proportional to the reflectivity of the subsurface. However, when working with real data, the seismic amplitudes used for interpretation are highly dependent on other factors such as survey geometry, instrumentation, filtering and muting of prestack data, migration artifacts, focusing/defocusing, wave attenuation in the overburden, and several other factors. When an amplitude variation is encountered in the seismic data, determining which factor is responsible is not easy. In this paper we apply a method based on a combination of 3D seismic ray modeling and simulation of migration that is able to...

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