The meteorite impact process is quite a remarkable natural phenomenon. When it occurs in a sedimentary basin, it can create a trap-generating structure (rim and central uplift) and reservoir rocks (ejecta piles and breccia infill), both at the same time.

The buried meteorite impact structures/craters can be very good petroleum prospects. Steen River in Alberta, Viewfield in Saskatchewan, Ames Hole in Oklahoma, and Red Wing Creek in North Dakota are examples of oil-and-gas fields producing from buried impact structures.

Satellite images and aerial photos can be used to identify surface and shallow buried impact craters. However, the subtlety of impact...

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