Carbonate sediments are prone to rapid and pervasive diagenetic alterations that change the mineralogy and pore structure within carbonate rocks. In particular, cementation and dissolution processes continuously modify the pore structure to create or destroy porosity. In extreme cases these modifications can completely change the mineralogy from aragonite/calcite to dolomite, or reverse the pore distribution whereby original grains are dissolved to produce pores as the original pore space is filled with cement to form the rock (Figure 1). All these modifications alter the elastic properties of the rock and, therefore, the sonic velocity. The result is a dynamic...

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