High-resolution aeromagnetic surveys over oil fields and magnetic susceptibility (MS) measurements in soils, sediments, and drill cuttings have been proposed as complementary or alternative means of exploration and assessment of hydrocarbon reservoirs. Some micromagnetic anomalies detected by these studies could be the likely result of the existence, at shallow depths, of authigenic magnetite and/or Fe-sulphides. It has been hypothesized that such magnetic minerals are the chemical byproducts of primary Fe-oxides exposed to a reducing environment induced by the underlying reservoir. Secondary magnetite could appear as spherical aggregates (framboids) of submicronic crystals identifiable by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The formation of...

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