Russia has the world's largest natural gas reserves, the second largest coal reserves, and the eighth largest oil reserves. Currently, Russia is the world's largest exporter of natural gas, the second largest oil exporter, and the third largest energy consumer in the world.

At the end of 2000, according to BP's Statistical Review of World Energy, Russia's proved oil and gas reserves were estimated at 48.6 billion barrels and 48.1 trillion m3 (302.8 billion barrels of oil equivalent, aka boe), representing 4.6% and 32.1% of the world totals, respectively. These were mostly from identified oil fields in west...

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