Physical fluid-flow models aid understanding of hydrocarbon movement through water-saturated sediments because they provide real data that do not rely on assumptions and are therefore useful to validate numerical reservoir simulations or to study processes for which the mathematical formulations are not well defined. Such models can have applications in geology for studying mechanisms of secondary oil migration (Thomas and Clouse, 1995), or in reservoir engineering to evaluate enhanced oil recovery methods such as steam injection (Frauenfeld et al., 1994) and carbon dioxide floods (Tüzünoglu and Bagci, 2000).

These models are usually two-dimensional to allow monitoring of the displacement patterns...

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.