It should be no surprise to exploration geoscientists that Canada has immense reserves of oil and natural gas. Canada covers 9 976 185 km2, the largest area of any country in the Western Hemisphere and the second largest in the world. Canada's coastlines stretch from the Atlantic to the Arctic to the Pacific. This gigantic expanse of land and water has many major petroleum-producing basins (several of which have immense untapped potential) and numerous frontier basins that have not seen systematic exploration since the early 1980s (Figure 1).

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Canada is the world's fifth largest energy producer—behind...

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