Romania, the second-largest country in central Europe in area (238 391 km2) and population (22.7 million), is in the very center of the continent—about 1500 miles from the Ural Mountains and from the Atlantic Ocean.

On the map, Romania resembles a giant wheel. In the outer southeast ring are the reed jungle, river channels, and wildlife paradise of the Danube delta. Dry rolling farmlands of Dobrogea separate the river from the Black Sea. Inland is a ring of rich agricultural land, flat in the south (Wallachia) and west (Banat) and hilly in the east (Moldavia). These plains enclose...

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