Greenhouse gas emissions causing global warming result in a rising Global Mean Sea Level (GMSL) (Oppenheimer et al., 2019). This accelerating process has already started and has so far evolved from 1.4 mm/yr over the period 1901–1990 to 2.1 mm/yr (1970–2015), 3.2 mm/yr (1993–2015), and up to 3.6 mm/yr (2006–2015). The sum of glacier and ice sheet contributions is now the dominant source of GMSL rise with very high confidence and the dominant cause since 1970 is anthropogenic (Oppenheimer et al., 2019). There is still some uncertainty about the full volume of glaciers and...

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