Urban subsurface exploration requires high spatial and temporal resolution, cost‐effective operation, and minimal interference with urban activities. Distributed acoustic sensing (DAS)—an innovative seismic observation tool—emerges as a promising solution for urban surveys. In this study, we repurposed a 7.9 km telecommunication cable traversing Hefei into a seismic observation array with 3850 channels spaced at 2 m intervals. Noise cross‐correlation functions (NCFs) were constructed from recordings by iDAS2 and ZD‐DAS interrogators along the entire cable. Spatial variation in the NCFs was observed and attributed to different traffic conditions. Employing the recently developed modified frequency–Bessel transform method to NCFs from the 2 km southern subsection of the optic cable, we extracted broadband, high‐resolution multimodal dispersion curves. The inverted near‐surface structure beneath the cable unveiled a sediment thinning trend from the center to the periphery of the Hefei basin, consistent with borehole inspections. The three‐station interferometry (C3) method and beamforming with the Bessel kernel function are applied to mitigate challenges arising from the weak coupling between the cable and the Earth, as well as persistent localized noise sources. These techniques facilitated the acquisition of broadband surface waves. Distinct secondary scatters are observed in NCFs near channels 2090 and 2287, accompanied by a substantial velocity contrast of 30%–40%, suggesting the existence of a blind fault. The study reaffirms the significant potential of DAS arrays for high‐resolution imaging of subsurface structures in challenging urban environments, emphasizing the importance of advanced processing techniques to enhance imaging accuracy and robustness.

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