The rate–state frictional law, coupled with the Coulomb failure stress changes (ΔCFS), is one of the most popular physics‐based models to forecast seismicity rate changes following a major earthquake. However, its effectiveness is hampered by parameter uncertainties. To seek possible solutions for such uncertainties, this article carried out retrospective forecasts of the decade‐long seismicity in the Longmenshan region, China, after the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, and proposed methods to constrain parameter uncertainties. First, we derived spatially variable ta and Aσ from fault‐slip rates. This method not only provides observational constraints for these two parameters but also reflects spatial variations of fault rate–state properties. Second, although both complete and declustered background catalogs are common in Coulomb rate–state forecasts, this study demonstrated that declustering avoids false alerts of seismicity rate increase that resulted from temporary seismicity fluctuations in the background catalog. Finally, we extended the model from its typical application based on a stress step (the coseismic stress change) to a calculation that allows a more complex stress evolution (the postseismic viscoelastic stress change). With these methods to constrain parameter uncertainties, we are able to obtain more reliable forecasts.

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