The geometry of the Rivera and Cocos plates subduction below the North American plate has been studied using a total of 5337 hypocenters located in the region of Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, and Michoacán states in western Mexico. Our results show that seismic features of the subduction at Jalisco block (JB), Colima rift zone (CRZ), and Michoacán block are well differentiated. Our study supports the hypothesis that the Jalisco subduction zone is composed of two fore‐arc blocks, Banderas and Jalisco fore‐arc blocks, separated by the Ipala canyon (Bandy fault). In this region, the crustal thickness of the JB is ∼30 km, whereas the Michoacán block is 35 km thick. We identified four crustal blocks along the coast in the JB from shallow seismicity data. Moreover, we found that the Rivera plate is segmented into three sections with different sizes and geometries evidenced by deep seismicity data. There is no evidence of a slab below the CRZ due to seismicity being scarce, except on the coast and the Colima volcano area where deep earthquakes (>70 km) are observed, which could be related to magmatic processes. The seismicity of the subduction process of the Cocos plate appears homogeneous, except for a seismic cluster at the mouth of Coalcomán River, where the epicentral area of the 1973 and 2021 earthquakes is located. Our results show that the Cocos plate is subducting with an inclination of 24°–30° and is slightly bent in a northwesterly direction. Therefore, our study suggests that current seismotectonic models of the region should be revised.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.