Internal structures of the Moon are key to understanding the origin and evolution of the Earth–Moon system and other planets. The Apollo Passive Seismic Experiment detected thousands of lunar seismic events and vastly improved our understanding of the Moon’s interior. However, some critical questions like the state and composition of the core remain unsolved largely due to the sparsity of the Apollo seismic stations and the strong scattering of seismic waves in the top layer of the Moon. In this study, we propose the concept of a fiber seismic network on the Moon and discuss its potential in overcoming the challenges in imaging deep Moon structures. As an emerging technique, distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) can provide a cost‐efficient solution for large‐aperture and dense seismic network deployment in harsh environments. We compute lunar synthetic seismograms and evaluate the performance of DAS arrays of different configurations in retrieving the hidden core reflected seismic phase ScS from the strong scattered waves. We find that, compared to a sparse conventional seismic network, a fiber seismic network using tens of kilometers of cable can dramatically increase the chance of observing clear ScS by array stacking. Our results indicate that DAS could provide new opportunities for the future lunar seismic surveys, but more efforts and further evaluations are required to develop a space‐proof DAS.

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