The earthquake doublet of Mw 6.5 and 6.9 occurred along the west‐dipping Central Range fault (CRF) adjacent to the east‐dipping creep segment of the Longitudinal Valley fault in eastern Taiwan on 17–18 September 2022. The faulting model derived from the Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar and Global Positioning System observation suggests that the west‐dipping CRF rupture is responsible for the two mainshocks. Meanwhile, the two major earthquakes resulted in ∼100 km of fault slip along the double‐convergent plate boundary faults near the Longitudinal Valley in eastern Taiwan. The 2022 Chihshang earthquake sequence filled the seismic gap of the CRF located between the 2006 ML 6.1 Taitung earthquake and the 2013 ML 6.1 Ruisui earthquake. Finally, the 2022 Chihshang earthquake sequence increased the Coulomb failure stress in the southernmost segment of the CRF, which may cause a higher seismic potential in the future.

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