The Z Machine at Sandia National Laboratories is a pulsed power facility for high‐energy density physics experiments that can shock materials to extreme temperatures and pressures through a focused energy release of up to ∼25 MJ in <100 nanoseconds. It has been in operation for more than two decades and conducts up to ∼100 experiments, or “shots,” per year. Based on a set of 74 known shot times from 2018, we determined that Z Machine shots produce detectable ∼3–17 Hz ground motion 12 km away at the Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory, New Mexico (ANMO), borehole seismograph, with peak signal at ∼7 Hz. The known shot waveforms were used to create a three‐component template, leading to the detection of 2339 Z Machine shots since 1998 through single‐station cross‐correlation. Local seismic magnitude estimates range from local magnitude () −2 to −1.3 and indicate that only a small fraction of the shot energy is transmitted by seismic phases observable at 12 km distance. The most recent major facility renovation, which was intended to decrease mechanical dissipation, is associated with an abrupt decrease in observed seismic amplitudes at ANMO despite stable maximum shot energy. The highly repetitive impulsive sources are well suited to coda‐wave interferometry to investigate time‐dependent velocity structures. Relative velocity variations (dv/v) show an annual cycle with amplitude of ∼0.2%. Local minima are observed in the late spring, and dv/v increases through the summer monsoon rainfall, possibly reflecting patchy saturation as rainfall infiltrates near the eastern edge of the Albuquerque basin. The cumulative results demonstrate that forensic seismology can provide insight into long‐term operation of facilities such as pulsed‐power laboratories, and that their recurring signals may be valuable for studies of time‐dependent structure.