The 17 June 2019 Ms 6.0 Changning earthquake occurred on the southern margin of the Sichuan basin in China, which breaks the historical record for the largest earthquake in the Sichuan basin. Based on the abundant local seismic, strong motion, and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar line of sight displacement data, we investigate the detailed source characteristics of this earthquake sequence. We determine focal mechanisms of 68 ML2.0 aftershocks with P wave first‐motion polarities and S/P amplitude ratios. The triangle diagram of focal mechanisms shows that 82% of the aftershocks have thrust faulting mechanisms. The spatial distribution of aftershocks together with the determined focal mechanisms indicates that this earthquake sequence was mainly controlled by the southeast–northwest‐extended faults. In addition, the revealed diversity of aftershock focal mechanisms implies that some small subsidiary faults with different geometries and motion features have likely been ruptured. The kinematic finite‐fault joint inversion results reveal a complex rupture process of the mainshock on two fault segments with different geometries. The rupture initiated on the southeastern fault segment with a gentle dip angle and then jumped to the vertical northwestern fault segment. The main rupture length and duration are approximately 11 km and 8 s, respectively. The released total scalar seismic moment during the rupture process is 4.6×1017  N·m, corresponding to a moment magnitude of Mw 5.7. Our results suggest that the nucleation and the rupture initiation and propagation of the 2019 Ms 6.0 Changning earthquake sequence were likely controlled by the intrinsic structure and stress heterogeneities of the involved seismogenic faults, as well as the variation in pore‐fluid pressure caused by the long‐term water injection in the Changning salt mining area and adjacent areas.

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