Abstract

Seismicity in southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma in the past decade has been associated with fluid injections. In southcentral Kansas, the Wellington earthquake catalog is primarily composed of local, low‐magnitude events. Approximately 22% of recorded earthquakes over a 2.5 yr period exhibit a seismic phase arriving between the direct P phase and direct S phase with particle motion similar to the P wave. This intermediate phase was identified as an S to P conversion (SP phase) occurring in the sedimentary rocks instead of the hypothesized basement to sedimentary section transition. We exploit the SP‐converted phases to improve the depth accuracy of shallow earthquakes and to constrain VP/VS. The revised depth calculations further confirm that these local induced earthquakes are occurring in the shallow crystalline basement, below the sedimentary section in which fluids are injected.

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