Abstract

The 2017 Mw 6.3 Jinghe earthquake represents one of the few large earthquakes that are well recorded by seismic instruments and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) observations in the seismically active Tian Shan region. In this study, we use the rupture fault solution (dip, dip direction, and slip sense) from seismologic and InSAR results, along with analysis of our collected surface mapping data, to determine the subsurface fault‐plane geometry of the seismogenic Jinghenan fault. This geometric model, integrated with the coseismic slip distribution from seismologic and InSAR data, reveals that: (1) the Jinghenan fault extends downward from the land surface at a dip of 46°S (upper ramp), then bends to 42°S (lower ramp) at the depth of 9–13 km; (2) the coseismic rupture is confined within the Jinghenan lower ramp, and its upper limitation is approximately coincident with the fault‐bend location. This coseismic rupture pattern and seismic behavior can be broadened to other active thrust faults within the Tian Shan, suggesting that, during moderate‐strong earthquakes, such faults may only rupture partially in the down‐dip extension, and the unruptured fault portion remains to pose high‐seismic risk in the future.

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