The 1886 magnitude ∼7 Summerville, South Carolina, earthquake was the largest recorded on the east coast of the United States. A better understanding of this earthquake would allow for an improved evaluation of the intraplate seismic hazard in this region. However, its source fault structure remains unclear. Starting in May 2021, a temporary 19‐station short‐period seismic network was deployed in the Summerville region. Here, we present our scientific motivation, station geometry, and quality of the recorded seismic data. We also show preliminary results of microearthquake detections and relocations using recordings from both our temporary and four permanent stations in the region. Starting with 52 template events, including two magnitude ∼3 events on 27 September 2021, we perform a matched filter detection with the one year of continuous data, resulting in a catalog of 181 total events. We then determine precise relative locations of a portion of these events using differential travel‐time relocation methods, and compare the results with relocation results of 269 events from a previous seismic deployment in 2011–2012. We also determine focal mechanism solutions for three events from 27 September 2021 with magnitudes 2.0, 3.1, and 3.3, and infer their fault planes. Our relocation results show a south‐striking west‐dipping zone in the southern seismicity cluster, which is consistent with the thrust focal mechanism of the magnitude 3.3 earthquake on 27 September 2021 and results from the previous study based on the temporary deployment in 2011–2012. In comparison, the magnitudes 3.1 and 2.0 events likely occur on a north–south‐striking right‐lateral strike‐slip fault further north, indicating complex patterns of stress and faulting styles in the region.

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