High‐frequency seismic data on Mars are dominated by wind‐generated lander vibrations, which are radiated partially to the subsurface. Autocorrelation functions (ACFs) of seismic data on Mars filtered between 1 and 5 Hz show clear phases at ∼1.3, ∼2.6, and ∼3.9 s. Daily temporal changes of their arrival times (dt/t) correlate well with the daily changes of ground temperature, with ∼5% daily variation and ∼50 min apparent phase delay. The following two mechanisms could explain the observations: (1) the interference of two predominant spectral peaks at ∼3.3 and ∼4.1 Hz, assumed to be both lander resonance modes, generate the apparent arrivals in the ACFs; (2) the interference of the lander vibration and its reflection from an interface ∼200 m below the lander generate the 3.3 Hz spectral peak and ∼1.3 s arrival in the ACFs. The driving mechanism of the resolved dt/t that most likely explains the ∼50 min delay is thermoelastic strain at a near‐surface layer, affecting the lander–ground coupling and subsurface structures. The two outlined mechanisms suggest, respectively, up to ∼10% changes in ground stiffness at 1–5 Hz and ∼15% velocity changes in the top ∼20 m layer. These are upper bound values considering also other possible contributions. The presented methodology and results contribute to analysis of ACFs with limited data and the understanding of subsurface materials on Mars.