Earthquakes and other seismic sources produce waves with frequency content spanning many orders of magnitude. Recording a broader frequency band of interest has historically required deploying multiple instruments designed to work the best within limited, overlapping frequency ranges. Here, we detail a 300 m deep borehole deployment of a sensor package, including three new optical accelerometers that can potentially replace many dedicated instruments with a single, low‐noise sensor. These instruments are designed with a flat frequency response from 0.005 to 1500 Hz, spanning the flat response segments of broadband sensors and geophones, as well as a low‐noise floor and high sensitivity. The sensors have been functioning normally for over four years, fully grouted at depths of >100 m. Year‐long power spectral density (PSD) profiles show that the optical accelerometers have a lower noise floor than a colocated geophone for all frequencies, with 20 dB noise reduction at 250 Hz. PSD comparisons to a broadband sensor installed at the surface show a 5–30 dB noise reduction for the optical accelerometer above 1 Hz, although this is likely due, in part, to the broadband sensor being subjected to much higher surface noise. At periods >5 s, the broadband sensor shows up to 20 dB lower noise than the optical accelerometer, which in turn has up to 50 dB lower noise floor than the colocated geophone. Finally, modeling the Brune displacement spectrum for theoretical seismicity within 1 km of the borehole shows that the optical accelerometers could potentially deliver a detection threshold improvement of one magnitude unit relative to the colocated geophone.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.