Abstract

Improved seismic noise characterization, due to varied sources, may benefit traditional applications. Some examples are earthquake detection, Earth structure research, and nuclear testing. This improvement could also permit use of seismic data in transdisciplinary research such as wind gust detection and wind turbine (WT) condition monitoring. However, it is a challenging task to unambiguously quantify relationships between potential sources of seismic noise and the actual seismic response. In this article, we analyze seismic and meteorological data (wind speed and pressure), measured at a remote site in a complex terrain area in eastern Portugal, to examine seismic signatures from WT operational status and wind gusts. Results presented herein show the following: (1) WT signatures in seismic data can be used to accurately determine WT‐operational status. Attenuation of WT signatures in seismic data exhibits an exponential decay with distance, with attenuation coefficients that scale with frequency. (2) After WT signatures are removed from seismic power spectra, wind gust signatures remain. Analyses of these data further indicate that it may be possible to extract quantitative wind gust estimates from seismic data and decompose them into pressure and shear stress drivers of this coupling.

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