The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) consists of a series of chemical explosions at the Nevada National Security Site. The goal of the SPE is to understand and model seismic‐wave generation and propagation from these explosions. To achieve this goal, we need an accurate velocity model of the SPE site. A large‐N seismic array deployed at the SPE site during one of the chemical explosions (SPE‐5) provides great data for this purpose. The array consists of 996 geophones and covers an area of approximately 2×2.5  km. In addition to the SPE‐5 explosion, the array recorded 53 large weight drops. Using the large‐N seismic array recordings, we perform first‐arrival analysis and obtain a 2D P‐wave velocity model of the SPE site. We image a sharp transition from high‐velocity Cretaceous granite to low‐velocity Quaternary alluvium. Other geological units such as the Tertiary volcanic rocks and Paleozoic sedimentary rocks are also clearly shown. The results of this work provide important local geological information and will be incorporated into the larger 3D modeling effort of the SPE program to validate the predictive models developed for the site.

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