Since its development in the late 1960s and 1970s, plate tectonics has caught hold and been used to explain many fundamental processes on Earth (Vine, 1966; Oliver and Isacks, 1967; Sykes, 1967; Isacks et al., 1968; McKenzie, 1972). Plate tectonics gave rise to the concept of subduction: places where oceanic lithosphere is recycled into the mantle and the site of the largest earthquakes, devastating tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and large amounts of deformation. Although data were often sparse in the early years of plate tectonics, there was a framework in which to understand subduction....

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