Correctly determining the association of seismic phases across a network is crucial for developing accurate earthquake catalogs. Nearly all established methods use travel time information as the main criterion for determining associations, and in problems in which earthquake rates are high and many false arrivals are present, many standard techniques may fail to resolve the problem accurately. As an alternative approach, in this work we apply convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to the problem of associations; we train CNNs to read earthquake waveform arrival pairs between two stations and predict the binary classification of whether the two waveforms are from a common source or different sources. Applying the method to a large training dataset of previously cataloged earthquakes in Chile, we obtain true positive prediction rates for high‐frequency data () and stations separated in excess of 100 km. As a secondary benefit, the output of the neural network can also be used to infer predicted phase types of arrivals. The method is ideally applied in conjunction with standard travel‐time‐based association routines and can be adapted for arbitrary network geometries and applications, so long as sufficient training data are available.