Latin American countries share similar history and culture, and complicated tectonic settings. Subduction of the Rivera, Cocos, and Nazca plates had produced 23 M8.0 subduction and intraplate earthquakes since 1900 when seismic instrumentation took off. This seismicity includes the 22 May 1960 Mw 9.5 Valdivia, Chile, earthquake, the largest ever recorded in the world; and the most recent intraplate Mw 8.2 earthquake in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, in southern Mexico. Subduction is also present to the east of the Caribbean plate with earthquakes of M7.0, including some historical megathrust earthquakes (Robson,...

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