Site‐response analyses are used to estimate the ground motion at the surface, as a function of the properties of the soil profile and the bedrock ground motion at the base of the soil profile. The most frequently employed site‐response model in engineering practice is the equivalent‐linear site‐response model, a frequency‐domain program that is coded in the computer program SHAKE (Schnabel et al., 1972; Idriss and Sun, 1992; Ordóñez, 2010). Using a large database of ground motions in the Kiban–Kyoshin network (KiK‐net) of downhole arrays in Japan, Kaklamanos et al. (2013, 2015) found the equivalent‐linear...

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